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Home / Blog / Egypt Encyclopedia

Egypt Encyclopedia

Egypt Encyclopedia

2

March

The Hymn to the Aten


HYMN TO THE ATEN Prayer was written by Akhenaten in praise of the Aten, the single god that he worshipped when he became pharaoh. Hymn to the Aten When you set in western light and, Earth is in darkness as if in death, One sleeps in chambers, heads covered, One eye does not see the other. Were they robbed of the goods, That are under their heads? People would not remark [know] it Every lion comes from its den, All the serpents bite; Darkness hovers, the earth is silent, As the maker rests in light and. Earth brightens when you dawn in Light land When you shine as Aten of daytime . . . The entire land sets out to work, All beasts browse on their herbs; Trees, herbs are sprouting, Birds fly from their nests . . . Psalm 104 You bring darkness on, night falls, All the forest a...

HYMN TO THE ATEN Prayer was written by Akhenaten in praise of the Aten, the single god that he worshipped when he became pharaoh. Hymn to the Aten When you set in western light and, Earth is in darkness as if in death, One sleeps in chambers, heads covered, One eye does not see the other. Were they robbed of the goods, That are under their heads? People would not remark [know] it Every l...

HYMN TO THE ATEN Prayer was written by Akhenaten in praise of the Aten, the single god that he worshipped when he became pharaoh.



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2

March

Hymn to Re


HYMN TO RE During the Eighteenth Dynasty, when the local god Amun rose to prominence, he was assimilated with the sun god Re and became  the supreme god of Thebes, Amun-Re. There are many variations of the hymn to Re, but generally, the first part mentions the sun god by several of his 75 names. The second part is a series of incantations associating the king with various gods and the sun god in particular. A passage from the first part of the hymn to Re carved on the stele of the brothers Suti and Hor (now in the British Museum) follows. Hail to you, Re, perfect each day, Who rises at dawn without failing, Khepri who wearies himself with toil! Your rays are on the face, yet unknown, Fine gold does not match your splendor; Self-made you fashioned your body, Creator un...

HYMN TO RE During the Eighteenth Dynasty, when the local god Amun rose to prominence, he was assimilated with the sun god Re and became  the supreme god of Thebes, Amun-Re. There are many variations of the hymn to Re, but generally, the first part mentions the sun god by several of his 75 names. The second part is a series of incantations associating the king with various gods and t...

HYMN TO RE During the Eighteenth Dynasty, when the local god Amun rose to prominence, he was assimilated with the sun god Re and bec...



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2

March

Hymn to Osiris


HYMN TO OSIRIS The hymn to Osiris is the account of the Osiris myth in which Osiris is murdered by his evil brother Set. The hymn is inscribed on the limestone stele of Amenmose, who lived during the Eighteenth Dynasty. (The stele is now in the Louvre Museum in Paris.) The following excerpt from the beginning of the hymn greets Osiris and praises him, recalling how Osiris is honored and remembered throughout the land and the heavens. Hail to you, Osiris Lord of Eternity, king of gods, Of many names, of holy forms, Of secret rites in temples!. . Lord of remembrance in the Hall of Justice, Secret ba of the lord of the cavern . . . Ba of Re, his very body. Lord of acclaim in the southern sky, Sanctified by the northern sky, The imperishable stars are under his rule, The unwearying s...

HYMN TO OSIRIS The hymn to Osiris is the account of the Osiris myth in which Osiris is murdered by his evil brother Set. The hymn is inscribed on the limestone stele of Amenmose, who lived during the Eighteenth Dynasty. (The stele is now in the Louvre Museum in Paris.) The following excerpt from the beginning of the hymn greets Osiris and praises him, recalling how Osiris is honored and remembe...

HYMN TO OSIRIS The hymn to Osiris is the account of the Osiris myth in which Osiris is murdered by his evil brother Set. The hymn is...



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2

March

Hyksos


HYKSOS Foreign invaders who ruled in Egypt’s northern Delta after the Middle Kingdom during the Second Intermediate period (1650–1550 b.c.) and introduced their mythology and religion to the area. Many references to the foreign god Set show that his cult was well established in the Delta and that Set was the patron god of the Hyksos capital, Avaris. The cult of Set seems to have been a blend of an early god in Heliopolis and the Syrian storm god Baal. Because Egyptian religion was polytheistic, accepting many gods, it was not a problem for the Hyksos gods Set and Astarte to be accepted into the Egyptian pantheon.  Because of his violent nature Set was viewed as a god of chaos, but there were devoted followers of Set, and the pharaoh Seti I was one of them. The id...

HYKSOS Foreign invaders who ruled in Egypt’s northern Delta after the Middle Kingdom during the Second Intermediate period (1650–1550 b.c.) and introduced their mythology and religion to the area. Many references to the foreign god Set show that his cult was well established in the Delta and that Set was the patron god of the Hyksos capital, Avaris. The cult of Set seems to have bee...

HYKSOS Foreign invaders who ruled in Egypt’s northern Delta after the Middle Kingdom during the Second Intermediate period (16...



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2

March

Human sacrifice ancient Egyptian


HUMAN SACRIFICE Since the late 1800s, Egyptologists suspected that human sacrifice may have been practiced in ancient Egypt as part of the religion, but they had little evidence to prove it. Recent excavations of First Dynasty King Aha’s (2950–2775 b.c.) royal mortuary complex (large courtyard) at Abydos revealed graves of other people buried near the king. It is believed they were servants ritually killed when the king died so they could magically accompany the deceased king to the next world. King Aha has the earliest-known mortuary enclosure (see Temenos), with six separate graves around the courtyard. Nearby in King Djer’s (Aha’s successor) royal mortuary complex, archaeologists found more subsidiary graves, this time lined up in a row, and these seem to be s...

HUMAN SACRIFICE Since the late 1800s, Egyptologists suspected that human sacrifice may have been practiced in ancient Egypt as part of the religion, but they had little evidence to prove it. Recent excavations of First Dynasty King Aha’s (2950–2775 b.c.) royal mortuary complex (large courtyard) at Abydos revealed graves of other people buried near the king. It is believed they were...

HUMAN SACRIFICE Since the late 1800s, Egyptologists suspected that human sacrifice may have been practiced in ancient Egypt as part...



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